Deja vu

New York Times, February 19, 1994

“Saying Philadelphia’s election system had collapsed under “a massive scheme” by Democrats to steal a State Senate election in November, a Federal judge today took the rare step of invalidating the vote and ordered the seat filled by the Republican candidate.

“In many instances, according to Republicans who testified during a four-day civil trial last week, Democratic campaign workers forged absentee ballots. On many of the ballots, they used the names of people who were living in Puerto Rico or serving time in prison, and in one case, the voter had been dead for some time.

“‘Substantial evidence was presented establishing massive absentee ballot fraud, deception, intimidation, harassment and forgery,’ Judge Newcomer wrote in a decision made public today.

“The district, which includes white, black and Hispanic neighborhoods, is overwhelmingly Democratic by registration. Nonetheless, campaign workers testified that widespread voter apathy had prompted them to promote a ‘new way to vote’ to insure a victory.

“Indeed, the two Democrats on the three-member board of elections, an elected body, testified that they were aware of the voter fraud, had intentionally failed to enforce the election law and had later tried to conceal their activities by hurriedly certifying the Democratic candidate as the winner.

“Judge Newcomer ordered that Mr. Stinson, a 49-year-old former assistant deputy mayor of Philadelphia, be removed from his State Senate office and that Mr. Marks, a 36-year-old lawyer and former aide to United States Senator Arlen Specter, be certified the winner within 72 hours.

“‘This is extraordinary relief,’ Judge Newcomer wrote. “However, it is appropriate because extraordinary conduct by the Stinson campaign and the board tainted the entirety of the absentee ballots.”

“… some election experts noted today that there have been many larger cases of voter fraud in Chicago and Louisiana in the 1970’s and Alabama in the 1980’s.

“The case involving the Philadelphia seat, however, may be the largest example involving fraudulent absentee ballots

Georgia On My Mind

“In an Oct. 11 order, just weeks prior to the presidential election, U.S. District Judge Amy Totenberg agreed with the concerns associated with the new Dominion voting system, writing that the case presented “serious system security vulnerability and operational issues that may place Plaintiffs and other voters at risk of deprivation of their fundamental right to cast an effective vote that is accurately counted.”

Pre-Election Concerns Over Dominion Voting Systems Highlighted in Georgia Lawsuit

“Pennsylvania is irredeemably compromised”

“The thrust of their legal argument doesn’t hinge on the numbers of fraudulent ballots cast, but on the inconsistent and illegal application of Pennsylvania election law, which dilutes legally cast votes — so-called disparate treatment, from which the U.S. Constitution is supposed to protect us.

“The other key legal argument is that those changes in the election law, which were implemented by an unelected appointee of Pennsylvania’s executive branch, namely Secretary of the Commonwealth Kathy Boockvar, were an impermissible usurpation of the legislature’s prerogative even if Pennsylvania’s judicial branch approved them.”

Grand Solar Minimum (2020-2053)

Valentina Zharkova is a Professor in Mathematics at Northumbria University. She specializes in solar physics and has focused on testing low frequency coupled dynamics with atmospheric-terrestrial-oceanic effects.

In the referenced opinion piece, Dr. Zharkova uses newly discovered solar activity proxy -the solar magnetic field – to demonstrate the Sun’s entry into the modern Grand Solar Minimum (2020–2053). The predicted low frequency down-cycle will lead to a significant reduction of solar magnetic field and activity comparable to that experienced during the Maunder minimum. This reduction will likely lead to noticeable reduction of terrestrial temperature.

Sunspot magnetic fields take on a toroidal topology while solar background magnetic field forms a poloidal field.

Applying Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to the low-resolution full disk magnetograms captured in cycles 21–23 by the Wilcox Solar Observatory, Zharkova’s research team discovered two principal components of this solar background magnetic field.

The modulus summary curve obtained from the summary curve are shown in the top plot as a black curve. The bottom plot presents the modulus summary curve associated with the sunspot numbers derived for cycles 21–23.

So what does all of this mean?

Well, first off, let’s put this all in context.

The flagship IPCC GHG model is CMIP5. This model has never passed backtest against history.

One reason for this poor performance is IPCC limited the solar effect to total solar irradiance (TSI). For focusing on TSI, IPCC ignores the solar-terrestrial dynamics associated with the solar magnetic field. Since TSI doesn’t vary much, that assumption leaves only GHG concentration to drive atmospheric warming (and cooling) since 1850.

The problem is there isn’t enough warming coming out of GFG ECS parameter estimates (citations available). Thus, the statistical correlation between warming and GHG concentration is weak. Measurable but not material.

So, something else is driving the observed warming and cooling observed in the HadCRUT4 post-1850 data used in CMIP.

Zharkova argues the missing driver of warming and cooling utilizes both the TSI amplitude of a solar cycle and the leading magnetic polarity of solar magnetic field.

That driver looks like this – cyclical with a periodicity much longer than the 22-year high frequency solar cycle:

What do these low frequency cycles mean?

Well, for one thing, they explain history better than IPCC CMIP5.

“This discovery of double dynamo action in the Sun brought us a timely warning about the upcoming grand solar minimum 1, when solar magnetic field and its magnetic activity will be reduced by 70%. This period has started in the Sun in 2020 and will last until 2053. During this modern grand minimum, one would expect to see a reduction of the average terrestrial temperature by up to 1.0°C, especially, during the periods of solar minima between the cycles 25–26 and 26–27, e.g. in the decade 2031–2043.

“The reduction of a terrestrial temperature during the next 30 years can have important implications for different parts of the planet on growing vegetation, agriculture, food supplies, and heating needs in both Northern and Southern hemispheres. This global cooling during the upcoming grand solar minimum 1 (2020–2053) can offset for three decades any signs of global warming and would require inter-government efforts to tackle problems with heat and food supplies for the whole population of the Earth.”


Zharkova, V. (2020). Modern Grand Solar Minimum will lead to terrestrial cooling. Temperature (Austin, Tex.), 1–6.

The Revenge of Justice Clarence Thomas

You know what they say about “payback”.

Pennsylvania can very well be the Florida of 2020. If Pennsylvania election officials reject the Trump petition, we can quickly get an education in the Constitution of the United States.

Even if Chief Justice Roberts lines up with the socialist wing, it’s not that much of a stretch to see the 5 conservative/libertarian justices taking a “textualist” view.

Textualist in this context means to give primary weight to the text and structure of the Constitution as it would have been understood to mean by an ordinary person at the time it was written.

The plain language of Section 1 reads as follows: “Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.”

Simply put, both houses of the legislature of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania are Republican.

And guess who gets to write the majority opinion in the event Chief Justice Roberts switch-hits with the socialists.

What goes around comes around.

Red Tech Wreck

New rules means sector smack-down – down~$254 billion in value as the red commissars jump on fintech monopolies. Shanghai’s Star 50 index dropped 2.7% on Wednesday

Unlike the US where tech oligarchs run the state, the Red Ponzi periodically jerks the chain on their tech billionaires before they become too powerful to control.

Liang Tao, vice-chair of the CBIRC: “In areas where market monopoly problems exist, we should learn from international experience, strengthen our anti-monopoly examinations and ensure that a fair market order is maintained.”

Got it?

The Ponzi’s decision to unilaterally cancel the Ant Financial IPO lines right up with today’s policy announcement. Lucky for Jack Ma the commissars didn’t just cancel Jack.

Nonlinear Dynamics of Maritime Supply Chains

By volume, 90% of global supply chains are maritime. Those supply chains respond to subsystem dynamics reflecting exchange rates, trade policy, tax policy, and weather. The 2020 China pandemic inflicted its own shocks consistent with previous China pandemics.

Cuong et al., 2015 presents an interesting dynamical model of the three-stage maritime supply chain system that provide insights into supply chain stability and strategies for optimizing economic flow based on the equations of state describing the network dynamics.

Cuong et al,, 2020

x, y, z are sector-level state volume variables; a, b, c, and m are parameters characterizing transport risk (a), safety stocks and distortion coefficients (b, c), and customer satisfaction (m). The dynamical model describes the state variable variability over time time evolutions of state variables representing for volume demanded, including the shipment sent of retailer x, the inventory level of distributor y, quantity produced by manufacturer z.

All three equations constitute a general autonomous vector field defined by

This system is in equilibrium when this equation equals zero for each sector.

Cuong et al. demonstrate a number of interesting dynamics arising from coupled-information/commodity flows across three sectors.

Among the more interesting aspects of this paper is its exercising sliding mode controller to stabilize some of the harmonics.


Ngoc Cuong, T., Xu, X., Lee, S.-D., & You, S.-S. (2020). Dynamic analysis and management optimization for maritime supply chains using nonlinear control theory. Journal of International Maritime Safety Environmental Affairs and Shipping4(2), 48–55